|History of Beer|
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Beer became vital to all the grain-growing civilizations of classical Western antiquity so much so that in 1868 James Death put forward a theory in The Beer of the Bible that the manna from heaven that God gave the Israelites was a bread-based, porridge-like beer called wusa. The modern anthropologist Alan Eames believes that "beer was the driving force that led nomadic mankind into village life...It was this appetite for beer-making material that led to crop cultivation, permanent settlement and agriculture."
No one can say with authority exactly when beer was first brewed. The oldest confirmed records of brewing are about 6000 years old and refer to the Sumerian's. Chemical tests of ancient pottery jars reveal that beer was produced about 7,000 years ago in Samaria, and was one of the first-known biological engineering tasks where the biological process of fermentation is used. Samaria lay between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, encompassing Southern Mesopotamia.